The past simple is used to talk about past actions that are not limited in duration. It can be used to describe an action that happened in a second or an action that took place thousands of years ago.
Basic notes about past simple
|FORM||– Formation rule: subject + verb-(e)d OR: subject +past simple form of an irregular verb|
– Affirmative/positive: I/You/We/They/He/She It finished/studied/did/went
– Negative: I/You/We/They/He/She/It did not (didn’t) finish/study/do/go
– Interrogative: Did I/you/we/they/he/she/it finish/study/do/go?
|USE/FUNCTION||1. Actions happened and finished at a definite time in the past explicitly known from the context.|
2. Actions that happened and finished at a time in the past are implicitly known from the context.
3. Actions that occupied a period of time in the past are now terminated.
4. Past habits
5. With conditional type 2
|EXAMPLES||1. I cut the watermelon yesterday.|
2. Jannet was born on Independence Day.
3. Alexandra and her husband lived in this apartment for twenty years.
4. I used to go to cafés every morning.
5. If I were you, I would accept the job.
|SIGNAL WORDS||– last…….|
– ………… ago.
– in+month/ year/ season
Put the verbs between brackets in the past simple tense (affirmative, negative, and interrogative)
- Last year I (spend) my holiday in Ireland.
- It (look) great.
- I (travel) around by car with two friends and we (visit) lots of interesting places.
- Yesterday evening we (go) to the café.
- Last night I( learn) lots of English words.
- Last week I (see) her at the beach.
- He (answer) the question.
- They (call) us.
- We (climb) a mountain.
- John (collect) stamps.
- We (live) in London.
- I (feel) hungry.
- He (go) to school.
- We (have) lunch in an Italian restaurant.
- Paul (stay) with Anny.
- The teacher (test) our English.
- Emmily (leave) the door open.
- Jeff and Linda (cycle) home.
- You (repair) the car.
- He (wear) a blue shirt.